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Common Linux Commands

Common Linux Commands

Command
Related Word/Phrase
Description
cd
Change Directory
Moves the user into the specified directory
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cd .. to move one directory up
cd by itself to move to home directory
cd- to move to previous directory
cd <directory-path> to move to a directory (can be an absolute path or relative path)
cp <old_file_path> <new_directory_path>
Copy
Copies the file into the specified directory
clear
Clear
Clears the terminal
cat <filename>
Concatenate
Lists the contents of a file
ls
List
Lists contents within the current directory
grep <string_to_match> <filename>
Globally Search for a Regular Expression and Print Matching Lines
Searches for the string / regular expression within the specified file and prints the line(s) with the result
pwd
Present Working Directory
Displays the path of the current directory that you are in
man <command>
Manual
Displays the manual instruction for the given command
mv <file_name> <new_directory>
Move
Moves a file into a new directory
mv <old_file_name> <new_file_name> to rename a file
mkdir <directory_name>
Make Directory
Creates a new directory
rm <directory_name>
Remove
Deletes directories and the contents within them
rmdir <directory_name>
Remove Directory
Removes the specified directory (must be empty)
touch
Touch
Creates a blank new file

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